Care and Treatment of Endocrine Diseases and Disorders
Endocrinologists are internal medicine physicians who treat patients with endocrine diseases such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, growth hormone deficiency, osteoporosis, cholesterol disorders, hypertension, obesity and other hormone-related disorders.
In the United States, diabetes is the most common endocrine disease. According to the National Institutes of Health, nearly 10 percent of the U.S. population has diabetes. One in four people with diabetes don’t know they have the disease.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot regulate blood glucose, or sugar, levels appropriately. As a result, glucose levels in the blood become elevated and over time, cause major health problems and sometimes lead to limb amputation or blindness. Those with diabetes are categorized as having type 1 or type 2, based on how the body is producing insulin. While diabetes can’t be cured, it can be controlled.
Treatment for diabetes depends on your age, health and tolerance to specific medications, among others factors. People with Type 1 diabetes use daily insulin injections to keep their blood sugar level within normal ranges. Treatment may also include managing a proper diet to maintain blood sugar levels and exercising.
For people with Type 2 diabetes, losing weight, improving nutrition and exercising can help control the disorder. In some cases, medication or insulin must also be used. If diabetes remains untreated, it can cause problems for the kidneys, legs, feet, eyes, heart, nerves and blood flow.
Please contact your primary care provider for a referral to see a TexomaCare endocrinologist.
The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism, heart rate and body temperature. The thyroid gland is prone to several disorders, including:
Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid makes too much thyroid hormone. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves Disease, an autoimmune disease that makes the thyroid make too much hormone. Other causes include thyroid nodules, inflammation of the thyroid, consuming too much iodine and taking too much synthetic thyroid hormone, which is used to treat underactive thyroid. Symptoms include being nervous or irritable, mood swings, fatigue, muscle weakness, weight loss, trouble sleeping and more. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with medication, therapy or surgery. If the thyroid is removed or destroyed, patients must take thyroid hormone replacement pills.
Hypothyroidism is defined as an underactive thyroid. Women are more commonly diagnosed with hypothyroidism, which can be caused by the autoimmune disorder Hashimoto’s disease, thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, congenital hypothyroidism, surgical removal or radiation treatment of the thyroid. Symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, a puffy face, dry skin, depression and more. Hypothyroidism can be controlled with a daily dose of synthetic thyroid hormone.
Texoma Medical Plaza
5012 S US Hwy 75, Suite 300
Denison, TX 75020