Care for the Urinary System

At TexomaCare, we provide healthcare for the male and female urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of the kidney, ureters, bladder and urethra. Urologists diagnose and treat patients who have diseases or disorders of the urinary tract. Additionally, urologists deal with the male reproductive organs including the penis, testes, scrotum and prostate.

Our urology doctors and surgeons specialize in individualized treatment and use the least invasive practices possible. 

Conditions and Treatments

Comprehensive treatment is available for a wide range of diseases and conditions, such as:

Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This condition is common in men over the age of 55. An enlarged prostate puts pressure on the urethra and causes urination problems. Common issues include frequent urination, weak urinary stream or dribbling urine. Other symptoms include urinary tract infection and trouble beginning to urinate.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control and commonly affects men and women. The condition is typically a sign that the urethra cannot fully close. Urinary incontinence can be caused by many different factors including personal habits or medical conditions. Different treatment options can address the underlying cause.    

Medication, minimally invasive procedures and behavioral techniques can help address loss of bladder control. However, in some cases, surgical approaches are necessary. 

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of minerals and acid salts in the kidney or the urinary tract. These stones can form when urine becomes concentrated and the minerals crystallize and begin to stick to one another. 

A common risk factor for kidney stones is dehydration, not drinking enough water. Family history, medical conditions or diets high in protein, salt and sugar also put you at higher risk of kidney stones. 

While kidney stones can be passed through the body without issues, they can cause severe pain if they get too large to pass into the ureters.  

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

A pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic muscles have become weakened or damaged and, as a result, can no longer support the bladder, uterus and cervix. When this happens, more pelvic organs drop and push into the vagina. Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse include uncomfortable pressure in the lower abdomen, leaking urine, constipation and diminished sexual function.  

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) typically occurs when bacteria enters the urinary tract through the urethra and infects the urinary system. Bacteria multiplies inside the bladder and causes an infection with painful symptoms. 

Common UTI symptoms include pain or burning while urinating, frequent urination and blood in the urine. Another common symptom is feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder. While most common in women, a UTI can also develop in men.

Care for Urological Cancers

Early detection and care is important in cancer to prevent cancer cells from spreading to other parts of the body. TexomaCare Urology provides care for all types of urological cancers. We treat prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, adrenal cancer and testicular cancer. 

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common occurring cancer in men, according to the American Cancer Society. It develops when abnormal cells grow in the prostate gland, the gland that produces seminal fluid. This fluid is what transports and nourishes sperm in the reproductive system. Signs of prostate cancer can be hard to detect because the cancerous cells tend to grow slowly. Men often don’t show symptoms until an advanced stage so it is important to begin regular screenings after the age of 55.  

Common symptoms of prostate cancer include urinating too often, difficult or painful urination and painful ejaculation. Treatment options vary depending on the stage of the cancer but can be a combination of surgery, radiation therapy or careful observation. 

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer occurs when the cells in one or both kidneys grow out of control and form a tumor. As you age, the risk of kidney cancer increases. Family history, obesity and smoking also put you at a higher risk of kidney cancer. 

Oftentimes, kidney tumors do not present symptoms until the later stages. Some people with kidney cancer may experience blood in their urine, a lump in the abdomen and weight loss. 

Treatment can depend on the stage of the tumor but surgery is the most commonly used treatment for kidney cancer. 

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer often starts when the cells that line the bladder develop changes, or mutate, in their DNA. The abnormal cells then form a tumor that invades and destroys normal tissue. Factors that can increase the risk of bladder cancer include smoking, family history and increasing age. Men are also at a higher risk of developing bladder cancer than women. 

Common symptoms include frequent or painful urination, back pain and blood in the urine. Treatment options vary depending on the stage of the cancer but can be a combination of surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. 

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when there is a growth of cells in the testicle that form a tumor. While not a common type of cancer, testicular cancer can develop in men at any age. There are different types of testicular cancer. The two main types of tumors that make up most testicular cancer are germ cell tumors and stromal tumors.

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include a lump or swelling in a testicle or the scrotum, pain or ache in the lower belly, groin or testicle and back pain. Self-exams and noticing changes in your testicles can be beneficial in early detection. 

Testicular cancer is highly treatable with early detection and treatment. Treatment often involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.